The Social Practice of Human Rights by Joel R. Pruce (eds.) PDF

By Joel R. Pruce (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1137503777

ISBN-13: 9781137503770

ISBN-10: 1349699977

ISBN-13: 9781349699971

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Yet, informational frames on their own do not usually lead individuals to mobilize, even in minimal ways such as signing a petition (McEntire et al. forthcoming). Research on the social psychology of philanthropy suggests that representations of larger numbers of victims or overall statistics “fail to spark emotion and feeling and thus fail to motivate actions” (Kogut and Ritov 2005a, 135). Instead of generating mental images of suffering and feelings of closeness, such information is processed in a more intangible 48 l McEntire, Leiby, and Krain manner, pushing people to calculate rather than feel—two distinct mental processes that yield very different outcomes in terms of charitable giving (Kahneman 2003; Dickert and Slovic 2009).

This envisages a beneficial spiral, in which a fragile state recovers and builds, consolidating institutions and norms with international guidance and assistance. The Report tries to eschew teleology, noting that there can be setbacks and different paths—but at the end of the day, these are but bumps on a road that leads in one direction. There are intriguing parallels with the most influential analytical framework for international human rights activism, namely the “spiral model” developed by Thomas Risse, Stephen Ropp, and Kathryn Sikkink (1999; 2013).

The third variant is most relevant and interesting to this account, because it is the most dynamic and the most dangerous. This can be called the “political marketplace” regime (de Waal 2009). In this system, the government recovered from the 1980s economic crisis as a rentier, reliant on income from minerals, security cooperation (especially counterterrorism cooperation after 9/11), aid, or criminal incomes. In this system, the resources come in at the top, as with a rentier state. But because these countries were facing internal conflicts in the 1980s, at a time when they were bankrupt, they fought these wars by distributing weapons to militia and paramilitaries, and by licensing their own army and security units to collect revenues or seize assets on their own behalf.

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The Social Practice of Human Rights by Joel R. Pruce (eds.)

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