Read e-book online The golf course : planning, design, construction and PDF
By F.W. Hawtree
Seems to be on the world's most sensible and most lovely golfing classes, lines the evolution of golfing direction designs, and offers short profiles of the pinnacle architects.
Read or Download The golf course : planning, design, construction and management. PDF
Best architecture books
The ARCS sequence of meetings has over 30 years of culture reporting hello- caliber ends up in computing device structure and working structures examine. whereas the convention is pleased with its lengthy culture, it's also proud to symbolize a - namic, evolving group that heavily follows new examine tendencies and subject matters.
In Pakistan's northwest, a chain of temples outfitted among the 6th and the 10th centuries offers a lacking bankruptcy within the evolution of the Hindu temple in South Asia. Combining a few parts from Buddhist structure in Gandhar? with the symbolically robust curvilinear N? gara tower formulated within the early post-Gupta interval, this crew stands as an self sufficient university of that pan-Indic shape, delivering new facts for its construction and unique adaptations within the 4 centuries of its lifestyles.
Designs for gardens and landscapes have to comprise exact details to make sure that either the designer’s motive is apparent and to permit the very best quality buildings. This e-book comprises the weather frequently used whilst detailing surfaces, with key info on criteria, suggestions and development that the practitioner has to be conscious of.
Extra info for The golf course : planning, design, construction and management.
Soil A spade’s depth of medium or light loam with reasonably porous subsoil eliminates expensive importations, though sand and peat are generally used in a special mix on putting greens and tees. Sandy soils are preferable but fine, silty sands can cause trouble. Natural drainage is to be prized. Land which has been down to grass for several years will be more amenable if disturbance is minimized. It works down to playable fairways in a season provided it is THE GOLF COURSE 51 not rutted or heavily poached by cattle and is not churned up by contractor’s plant during construction.
It answers quite well and does not look so formal if one bunker is some little distance in front of the green on one side, and another starts in the corner of the opposite side and takes a turn and runs some distance down the side of it. ’ Note that comment on placing side hazards at greens. Staggering them does not look so formal. Landscape effect has crept into the vocabulary for the first time. In the same book, Golf Greens and Greenkeeping 1906, there is also a chapter by James Braid. He raises bunker banks to make them look as natural as possible.
Many of them echo not only the ideas but the words of his master. 1. Two loops of nine holes are preferable. 2. At least four short holes, two or three drive and pitch holes and a large preponderance of good two shot holes. 3. Short walks only from green to following tee, preferably forward to leave elasticity for future lengthening. 4. Undulating greens and fairways but no hill climbing. 5. A different character to every hole. 6. Minimum blindness for the approach. 7. Beautiful surroundings and man-made features, indistinguishable from Nature.
The golf course : planning, design, construction and management. by F.W. Hawtree