Download e-book for kindle: Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas by Saeid Mokhatab
By Saeid Mokhatab
Liquefied common fuel (LNG) is a commercially appealing section of the commodity that enables the effective dealing with and transportation of common fuel world wide. The LNG undefined, utilizing applied sciences confirmed over a long time of improvement, keeps to extend its markets, diversify its provide chains and bring up its percentage of the worldwide common gasoline exchange. The Handbook of Liquefied normal Gas is a well timed e-book because the is at present constructing new huge resources of provide and the applied sciences have developed in recent times to let offshore infrastructure to enhance and deal with assets in additional distant and harsher environments. it's the merely e-book of its variety, overlaying the numerous points of the LNG provide chain from liquefaction to regasification through addressing the LNG industries' basics and markets, in addition to precise engineering and layout rules. a distinct, well-documented, and forward-thinking paintings, this reference booklet offers an amazing platform for scientists, engineers, and different execs keen on the LNG to achieve a greater realizing of the foremost simple and complicated themes suitable to LNG tasks in operation and/or in making plans and improvement.
- Highlights the advancements within the traditional gasoline liquefaction industries and the demanding situations in assembly environmental laws
- Provides guidance in using the complete power of LNG assets
- Offers advices on LNG plant layout and operation according to confirmed practices and layout experience
- Emphasizes know-how choice and innovation with specialize in a ''fit-for-purpose” layout
- Updates code and rules, security, and protection specifications for LNG applications
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Extra info for Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas
The pump motor is submerged along with the pump, since LNG is a dielectric fluid, electrical cables and the motor can be safely submerged in the liquid. The other safety advantages of a submerged pump over external motor pumps are that there is no penetration required in the tank and mechanical seals are not needed. Several pump vendors are available for this service, such as Ebara, Atlas Copco, Nikkiso, Hitachi, and Shinko. LP sendout pump The low pressure (LP) sendout pump (Figure 1-25) is installed in a vertical pump well inside the tank.
As of 2005, there were 61 in-ground storage tanks in Japan. The record for the largest LNG tank in the world was first set by an in-ground tank (200,000 m3), although several aboveground tanks have recently been built with a similar capacity. 5 KPag 25 KPag 28 CHAPTER 1 LNG Fundamentals Carbon steel roof Reinforced Concrete Earth Suspended deck insulation 9% Ni Steel inner tank Insulation FIGURE 1-19 Typical earth berm LNG tank. and take longer to build than aboveground tanksdabout 4 to 5 years compared to 3 years for a tank built above ground.
The tubes of the Tri-EX are made of titanium that is required for the seawater service, which makes this exchanger relatively expensive. Kobe Steel has built several of these units since 1987. 42 CHAPTER 1 LNG Fundamentals Seawater in Natural Gas LNG Vapor Condensate Propane Seawater out FIGURE 1-34 Propane heating schematic. NG E2 LNG Vaporizer LNG Vaporization IF Condensation IF Vaporization NG Heating LNG SW Intermediate Fluid Vaporizer (E1) SW E3 NG heater Intermediate Fluid: Propane, Butane, etc.
Handbook of Liquefied Natural Gas by Saeid Mokhatab