Disease and Medicine in World History (Themes in World by Sheldon Watts PDF
By Sheldon Watts
Disorder and medication in international heritage is a concise advent to various principles approximately ailments and their therapy through the global. Drawing on case reviews from old Egypt to present-day the United States, Asia and Europe, this survey discusses recommendations of illness and types of therapy in lots of cultures. Sheldon Watts exhibits that many scientific practices some time past have been formed as a lot by way of philosophers and metaphysicians as through university-trained medical professionals and different practitioners. matters coated contain: Pharaonic Egypt and the pre-conquest New international the evolution of scientific platforms within the center East healthiness and therapeutic at the Indian subcontinent medication and affliction in China the globalization of disorder within the smooth global the beginning and evolution of contemporary medical drugs. This quantity is a landmark contribution to the sector of worldwide historical past. It covers the important scientific structures recognized on this planet, in line with wide unique examine. Watts increases questions about globalization in medication and the capability effect of infectious illnesses right this moment.
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The slaughtered victim’s skin was then worn by his captor for some months, as an exercise in humility. The Aztecs believed that only through these blood offerings and ponderings on the transient nature of human life would the coming of the Fifth Sun (the end of the world) be deferred. Integral to these beliefs, they held that happenings in the universe followed an endlessly re-occurring 2,028 year cycle, which was subject to minor re-adjustments at the whim of the gods; hence the need to propitiate them, by sacriﬁces.
Living in the imperial capital at a time when the Roman army was slaughtering its way across the German lands and the Roman populace was satisfying its blood-lust by watching gladiatorial combats in the Colosseum (built soon after 69 CE) Galen would have had abundant opportunities to carry on his studies in human anatomy. However, he may have recognized that this was not a useful way to spend his time since it was at odds with his great project: this was to demonstrate the validity of Humoralism, the retention of a proper balance within the human body by following a regimen prescribed by a knowledgeable medical specialist.
In Rome, symptomatic of growing Greek inﬂuence in metaphysical matters, a temple dedicated to the god was established in 291 BCE. Throughout the Mediterranean world Asclepian temples continued to attract crowds until their functions were taken over by miracle-working Christian saints and shrines in the fourth and ﬁfth centuries CE. Who then was Asclepius? According to legend, Asclepius was the son of the Greek god Apollo, the same god who had hurtled the darts of killing pestilence against the Greeks around 1200 BCE when they were besieging the city of Troy (as recounted by “Homer” in the Iliad).
Disease and Medicine in World History (Themes in World History) by Sheldon Watts