Download PDF by Lisa Iwamoto: Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques
By Lisa Iwamoto
Architectural pioneers akin to Frank Gehry and Greg Lynn brought the realm to the extraordinary kinds made attainable via electronic fabrication. it's now attainable to move designs made on a working laptop or computer to computer-controlled equipment that creates genuine construction parts. This "file to factory" procedure not just allows architects to achieve projectsfeaturing complicated or double-curved geometries, but in addition liberates architects from a dependence on off-the-shelf development parts, permitting initiatives of formerly incredible complexity.
Digital Fabrications, the second one quantity in our new structure Briefs sequence, celebrates the layout ingenuity made attainable via electronic fabrication options. writer Lisa Iwamoto explores the equipment architects use to calibrate electronic designs with actual types. The ebook is equipped in keeping with 5 kinds of electronic fabrication concepts: tessellating, sectioning, folding, contouring, and forming. initiatives are proven either of their complete kinds and in operating drawings, templates, and prototypes, permitting the reader to monitor the method of every terrific building spread. Digital Fabrications provides tasks designed and outfitted through rising practices that pioneer thoughts and test with fabrication methods on a small scale with a home made perspective. Featured architects comprise Ammar Eloueini/DIGIT-AL Studio, Elena Manferdini, Brennan greenback, Michael Meredith/MOS, place of work dA, Mafoomby, city A+O, method Architects, Andrew Kudless, IwamotoScott, Howeler Yoon, Hitoshi Abe, Chris Bosse, Tom Wiscombe/Emergent, Jeremy Ficca, SPAN, city A&O, Gnuform, Heather Roberge, styles, and Servo.
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Technicolor Bloom embraces the geometry of subdivision surfaces and techniques of computation but treats them as a given rather than as motivation. While adaptive tessellation algorithms were used to produce the initial patterns, parametric design, with its associated discourses of efficiency and automated authorship, was suppressed in favor of specific design intention and the precise control of visual effects. In addition to pattern variations, a series of techniques were used to multiply the affective qualities of the patterned surface.
The curved plywood walls of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture’s Educatorium, the wrapped metal corner 062/063 panels of Daniel Libeskind’s Jewish Museum Berlin, and the structural cladding of Foreign Office Architects’ Yokohama International Port Terminal are all instances of making the material perform in a manner consistent with the overall architecture. As a material technique, however, folding is not limited to being a secondary system of articulating the larger building diagram. The operation of folding material is also a generative design tool that has gained currency in digital-fabrication processes.
The projects included here also simply and eloquently cut and recombine sheet material. Airspace Tokyo, by Thom Faulders, celebrates tessellation as pattern yet suppresses it constructionally. The straightforward rectangular panels are welded together to form a seamless screen. The tessellation pattern is, in this case, achieved through cutouts in sheet metal. The openings’ size and shape are determined by using a parametric software program to manipulate a tiling pattern based on the Voronoi diagram—a geometric pattern found in nature.
Digital Fabrications: Architectural and Material Techniques (Architecture Briefs) by Lisa Iwamoto