Read e-book online Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors PDF
By Anne-Marie Gardner
This booklet investigates even if overseas criteria of fine governance are utilized to sub-state actors in addition to to states. through studying the foreign reaction to self-determination claims, this undertaking demonstrates that the overseas group does certainly carry sub-state teams dependable to such standards. Claimant teams that experience internalized human rights and democratic norms usually tend to obtain overseas help within the type of empowerment (promoting a few kind of self-governance). to demonstrate the causal forces at paintings, the e-book provides 3 qualitative case studies--Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh, and the Western Sahara--to reveal that predictable alterations within the foreign reaction take place as foreign conception of every claimant group’s democratic list varies over time.
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Additional resources for Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors
This study is neither limited to military intervention nor focused on the precise location of the international response on this continuum of possible actions. Empowerment may be promoted by the international community through the use of diplomatic pressure or condemnation, pressure placed on the government in international mediation exercises, economic pressure (for example, conditions on aid or loans), monitoring of elections or democratization processes, or military intervention on behalf of the claimant group.
When the underlying norms are weak or absent, the international community may attempt to compel the group to internalize the norms by imposing conditionality requirements such as mandatory minority rights guarantees. In these cases, further empowerment is contingent upon adoption of democratic governance standards in the near future. The full range of the dependent variable measures the extent of international empowerment (sanction—conditional—limited—extensive). 33 Often when international interference in domestic affairs is analyzed, the emphasis is on the threshold for military intervention.
States not only attempt to shape the domestic regime type of other states, but also appear to respond to nonmaterial as well as material factors. 1, upper right corner). 6 The range of policy options available can be narrowed by weeding out those actions that are contrary to agreed norms or by selecting those that advance accepted standards. 7 Under a strict interpretation of international law, the unfolding of decolonization and even application of the principle to noncolonial cases can be explained by the rules embodied in the 1960 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.
Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors by Anne-Marie Gardner