Cultural Psychology and Qualitative Methodology: Theoretical by Carl Ratner PDF
By Carl Ratner
Qualitative methodologies in cultural psychology frequently lack the target and verifiable personality of quantitative research. writer Carl Ratner corrects this shortcoming by means of conscientiously systematizing qualitative tools. The booklet discusses, for instance, technique of systematizing such subjective experiences as interviews, letters, and diaries, which regularly yield worthy info that isn't simply quantified. Ratner argues that "complex mental phenomena are expressed via prolonged responses" and for that reason are most sensible studied through new, extra regularized qualitative tools that transcend measuring basic, overt responses.
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Extra resources for Cultural Psychology and Qualitative Methodology: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations
Positivists assume that variables and their components are inherently simple, uniform, and discrete. However, these features are imposed on psychological phenomena by methodological procedures; they are not characteristic of the phenomena themselves. For example, positivistic criteria for questionnaire design make attitudes appear to be uniform variables. They do so by insisting that all of the questions/statements elicit uniform responses. Items that elicit heterogeneous responses are expunged.
SHORTCOMINGS OF POSITIVISTIC METHODOLOGY 35 Mean differences and similarities are additionally exaggerated by tests of statistical significance. Minimal correlations can be statistically significant and are then touted as indicating significant psychological similarities. 17 with trustfulness. These extremely low correlations indicate that class has no real bearing on morality or receptivity toward change. However, the correlations are statistically significant, and Kohn used this statistical significance to justify sweeping social psychological conclusions about the pronounced and consistent effects of social class on attitudes (p.
The semantic differential tells nothing about the extensiveness, consistency, or manner of being smart, moral, or mature, or the situations that provoke them. , we still don't know what these terms mean to them. Americans and Turks may rate themselves "strong," but strong to us may denote the power to defeat another, while to Turks it may denote sticking to principles of kindness or humility as one is being brutalized. "Active" to Americans may refer to behavior, whereas to Turks it may refer to SHORTCOMINGS OF POSITIVISTIC METHODOLOGY 43 thoughtfulness.
Cultural Psychology and Qualitative Methodology: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations by Carl Ratner