Download e-book for iPad: Concrete Vaulted Construction in Imperial Rome: Innovations by Lynne C. Lancaster

By Lynne C. Lancaster

ISBN-10: 0521842026

ISBN-13: 9780521842020

Studying the tools and strategies that enabled developers to build one of the most enforcing monuments of historic Rome, Lynne Lancaster makes a speciality of structurally leading edge vaulting and the criteria that stimulated its development, in addition to more than a few similar practices and diverse strategies of buttressing. delivering the geological historical past of the neighborhood construction stones, Lancaster applies mineralogical research to indicate buying and selling styles and land use. She additionally examines building options relating to the social, monetary, and political contexts of Rome.

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The sources used to answer these questions include the impressions of the boards left in the concrete, pieces of the actual wood (which are rare), ancient pictorial representations of wooden structures (albeit not centering structures), literary descriptions of wooden construction for bridges and siege towers, and comparisons of centering structures from later periods. large wooden centerings capable of taking the weight of the concrete. These wooden structures differed from wooden roof structures in that they did not require clear spans and had to take a much greater load with minimum deflection, but many of the joinery techniques and the structural principles were no doubt the same.

28 This method would have required that the block be located some distance from the supporting wall so that there was room to move the saw back and forth. Unfortunately, there is little direct evidence from ancient times to verify how the Roman builders accomplished the task. xml CB885B/Lancaster 0 521 84202 6 April 17, 2005 CENTERING AND FORMWORK sesquipedales with a grid of bessales covering their joints (Fig. 17). When the wooden centering and formwork were removed the brick linings remained adhered to the intrados of the vault, although the larger bricks have often fallen or been removed, leaving visible only the grid of bessales.

Xml CB885B/Lancaster 0 521 84202 6 April 17, 2005 INTRODUCTION ning a distance so that the stresses within the material remain in compression. Tension can develop within an arch, but it can be controlled by the form, size, and loading pattern of the arch. The mechanics of arch and vault behavior and methods of structural analysis are explored further in Chapter 8. Concrete vaults take forms similar to arches built in cut stone, but their behavior is somewhat different. The forces are not transferred by means of the joints between individual voussoirs but, rather, through the mortar between the pieces of caementa, which by the imperial period were laid in horizontal courses.

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Concrete Vaulted Construction in Imperial Rome: Innovations in Context by Lynne C. Lancaster

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