Coercion and market: silver mining in colonial Potosí, by Enrique Tandeter PDF
By Enrique Tandeter
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Extra info for Coercion and market: silver mining in colonial Potosí, 1692-1826
Actual daily wages paid to mita workers, Potosí, 1802 50 9. Distances between mita gathering points and Potosí, ca. 1771 55 Page x 10. Annual contributions of the 95 mita laborers of Calacoto and Caquingora (Pacajes) to their parish priest, Potosí, 1767 58 11. Number of llamas brought to Potosí by mita laborers from Carangas, 1801 61 12. Number of actual mita laborers and labor commutations by ingenio, Potosí, ca. 1801-2 65 13. Number of actual mita laborers and labor commutations by province of origin, Potosí, ca.
As Arzáns repeatedly stated, French merchants were paid in unminted chunks of silver (piñas) which avoided the royal tax (quinto real) and consequently generated a windfall shared by the mine operators, the silver merchants, and the French traders. 35 We may suppose, then, that the arrival of French ships along the Pacific Coast in the first decades of the eighteenth century provided the necessary incentive to reinvigorate silver production in Potosí, which was achieved rapidly due to the existence of large accumulations of tailings Page 10 and the possibility of demanding labor contributions from mita migrants, many of whom had been meeting their obligations through cash payments until this time.
The following analysis will focus on the place of the mita in this system. The Mita in the Colonial System In October 1801, a group of mita laborers who had been sent from the village of San Martin de Chupa to Potosí instigated a series of violent incidents in an area of rural estates near Oruro. 5 In similar fashion, they wanted some Indians from Cochabamba to trade an "old" ass for a "new" one. "7 Since the protests of those affected only generated a violent reaction on the part of the mita migrants, aid was requested from the city of Oruro.
Coercion and market: silver mining in colonial Potosí, 1692-1826 by Enrique Tandeter