Terrance V. Newhouse's Coal Mine Safety PDF
By Terrance V. Newhouse
Dramatic mine injuries early in 2006 have resulted in passage of the 1st significant modification to federal mine defense legislation seeing that 1977. The Mine development and New Emergency reaction Act calls for every one mine to have an emergency plan, elevated offers of oxygen, and stronger rescue groups. consequences for violations have additionally been elevated. even if the invoice had huge help in Congress, a few participants have characterized it as just a 'first step', to be by means of extra measures that might comprise a reduce greatest restrict on dirt concentrations, underground refuges, communications and monitoring units, and larger emphasis on enforcement of criteria. On January 2, 2006, the state used to be reminded of the risks of underground mining, as 12 miners died in an explosion and hearth within the Sago mine in West Virginia. for that reason, the Mine safeguard and overall healthiness management (MSHA) issued new laws; Congress has handed the 1st significant revision of the mine security legislations on the grounds that 1977 and has taken extra money owed into consideration; and, nation legislatures in West Virginia, Kentucky, and Illinois have tightened their very own legislation. those responses have emphasized elements idea to have performed an element within the Sago tragedy, together with emergency oxygen offers, monitoring and verbal exchange structures, and deployment of rescue groups. There have additionally been proposals to extend the consequences for violations of security criteria.
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Additional info for Coal Mine Safety
We spoke with Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) officials in 6 of the 11 districts, including inspectors, conference litigation representatives (CLR), and district managers; and officials from the headquarters office, the National Mine Health and Safety Academy, Educational Policy and Development, the Educational Field Services, and certified trainers. We met with representatives from the Office of the Solicitor, including officials in the headquarters and regional offices, and interviewed the Chairman of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, its Chief ALJ, and other Commission officials.
Nonsampling Error and Data Quality The practical difficulties of conducting any survey may introduce errors, commonly referred to as nonsampling errors. For example, difficulties such as how a particular question was interpreted or in the sources of information that are available to respondents can introduce unwanted variability into the survey results. We took steps in the development of the questionnaire, the data collection, and the data analysis to minimize these nonsampling errors. Table 7.
We established parameters for addressing inconsistent responses that included calling the respondent for clarification or treating the data as missing. In addition, all the computer syntax was peer-reviewed and verified by separate programmers to ensure that it was written and executed correctly. Estimates Estimates in this report are for the population of underground coal mines in the United States that were in operation at the end of 2005 and remained open during the course of the survey. Due to mine closure, some mines are not represented in these results.
Coal Mine Safety by Terrance V. Newhouse