Read e-book online Classical architecture : the poetics of order PDF

By Alexander Tzonis

ISBN-10: 0262200597

ISBN-13: 9780262200592

ISBN-10: 026270031X

ISBN-13: 9780262700313

This interesting advent to classical paintings and structure is the 1st ebook to enquire the way in which classical structures are prepare as formal constructions

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III, ch. I, para. I), the members of a well-formed human body. Vitruvius here is certainly prerational. He goes so far as to claim that the sections of the column-the capital, the shaft, and the base-are derived from the main divisions of the human body-the head, the body, and the feet (De Architectura, bk. III, para. I). In the writings of the Renaissance, this anthropomorphic aspect of classical architecture frequently becomes, one might say, eroticized, the object of carnal desire. Poliphilo, the hero of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili by Francesco Colonna, is infatuated with the proportions of the portal of a temple because they remind him of his beloved, Polia.

The Doric genus, he claimed, took its name from the type of temple first built by Dorus and dedicated to Juno in the city of Argos (Vitruvius, De Architectura, bk. IV, ch. I); the Ionic genus assumed its name "because the Ionians made it first"; as for the Corinthian, it was equally tied to a certain time and place. On the grave of a Corinthian girl a basket was left on the root of an acanthus, forcing its shoots to grow out at the sides, curve downward, and then curl into volutes. Callimachos, an architect, passed by the object and, pleased by the effect, modeled the Corinthian capital on its example.

This position was welcomed in those courts that relied on nationalist support and that found expressions of cultural independence congenial. Architecte du Roi Philibert de l'Orme's project for a sixth, French order in the Premier tome d'architecture of 1567 (p. 219) found favor in the court of the Valois. This was the first major attempt in history to supplement the list of five genera based on antique prototypes-Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite-through the invention of a wholly new one.

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Classical architecture : the poetics of order by Alexander Tzonis


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