Download e-book for kindle: Beyond the Boundaries: Life and Landscape at the Lake by Larry Lankton

By Larry Lankton

ISBN-10: 0195108043

ISBN-13: 9780195108040

Spanning the years 1840-1875, past the bounds specializes in the payment of higher Michigan's Keweenaw Peninsula, telling the tale of reluctant pioneers who tried to set up a good degree of convenience, regulate, and safeguard in what was once in lots of methods a adversarial setting. relocating past the technological historical past of the interval present in his past publication Cradle to the Grave: lifestyles, paintings, and demise on the Lake more desirable Copper Mines (OUP 1991), Lankton the following specializes in the folk of this sector and the way the copper mining affected their day-by-day lives.A really best social background, past the limits will entice historians of the frontier and of Michigan and the good Lakes sector, in addition to historians of know-how, exertions, and daily life.

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Additional info for Beyond the Boundaries: Life and Landscape at the Lake Superior Copper Mines, 1840-1875

Sample text

These problems resulted in a substantial cost overrun, and as the canal company was running out of capital, it petitioned Michigan for an early granting of lands that could be sold to fund completion of the work. After 320,595 man-days of labor and an expediture of nearly $900,000, the canal locked through its first ship on June 18, 1855 2} On the Keweenaw, mining firms usually did not rely on government to solve transportation problems; they eliminated many early bottlenecks themselves. On the northern end of the Keweenaw, mining companies shared an interest in a corporation that cut a deeper shipping channel from Keweenaw Bay into Lac La Belle, making that interior lake a better, more useful harbor.

At first, no portion of any journey was easy: not the water part and, especially, not the overland part. A region so laced with swamps and dense forests that it blocked the path of lone travelers on foot could not be expected to easily yield up tons and tons of copper to distant markets. Internal improvements to water and overland transportation—undertaken over several decades by various levels of government, by the mining companies themselves, and by other entrepreneurs—supported the growth of a new industry, while benefiting settlers in their everyday lives.

In 1853 the Michigan legislature passed its own canal bill, which specified that the locks be 350 feet long and 70 feet wide and which set up a fivemember commission to oversee construction of the waterway. The commissioners evaluated eight contract bids, and in the spring of 1853 awarded the project to the "St. Mary's Falls Ship Canal Company," a firm charted in New York expressly for the purpose of building the canal and "taking, holding, improving, selling, and conveying the . . ''22 The company did not have an easy go of it in finishing this project.

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Beyond the Boundaries: Life and Landscape at the Lake Superior Copper Mines, 1840-1875 by Larry Lankton


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