Belonging in an adopted world : race, identity, and - download pdf or read online
By Barbara Yngvesson
Since the early Nineties, transnational adoptions have elevated at an impressive price, not just within the usa, yet around the world. In Belonging in an followed international, Barbara Yngvesson bargains a penetrating exploration of the results and implications of this extraordinary circulate of kids, often from bad international locations to the prosperous West. Yngvesson illuminates how the politics of adoption coverage has profoundly affected the households, countries, and youngsters considering this new type of social and fiscal migration.
Starting from the transformation of the deserted baby into an adoptable source for countries that provide and obtain childrens in adoption, this quantity examines the ramifications of such presents, in particular for households created via adoption and later, the followed adults themselves. reinforced via an account of the author’s personal event as an adoptive mum or dad, and entirely attuned to the contradictions of race that form our advanced sorts of family members, Belonging in an followed World explores the fictions that maintain adoptive kinship, finally exposing the vulnerability and contingency at the back of all human identity.
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Additional info for Belonging in an adopted world : race, identity, and transnational adoption
Constructed as a “legal orphan” whose need for “a family” allows it to circulate between nations, the adoptee becomes “Chinese” or “Korean” in his or her adoptive country and ultimately “Swedish,” “Italian,” or “American,” should the child return as an adult to the native land. Exploring this dynamic requires moving between the narratives of real people, living in particular times and places, and the power of cultural forms (the child, the adoptee, the family, the nation) that ﬁgure their lives.
The number of foreign adoptions from Korea grew steadily during the 1960s and 1970s, when 60,000 were processed; by the mid-1980s, Korean transnational adoptions peaked, with almost 9,000 placements each year, mostly to the United States and European nations such as France, Sweden, Denmark, and the Netherlands. Korean overseas adoptions dropped signiﬁcantly in the 1990s, following adverse publicity about the practice at the Seoul Olympics in 1988, but it was not until 2006 that annual placements fell below 2,000, for the ﬁrst time in four decades.
French president Nicolas Sarkozy, himself the son of a Hungarian immigrant, supports DNA testing for immigrants; he noted that such testing would be used only “where there were no clear records ‘to prove that children are really your own,’ ” (Sciolino 2007, A3). French controversy over this issue hints at the ways a discourse of (biogenetic) identity may surface not simply in the context of what makes a family (and what makes it one’s own), but perhaps more signiﬁcantly in deﬁning the boundaries of the nation against those whose difference is seen as threatening national identity.
Belonging in an adopted world : race, identity, and transnational adoption by Barbara Yngvesson