Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses by Martha Himmelfarb PDF

By Martha Himmelfarb

ISBN-10: 0195082036

ISBN-13: 9780195082036

This can be a examine of the traditional Jewish and Christian apocalypses related to ascent into heaven, that have obtained little scholarly recognition compared to apocalypses involved essentially with the tip of the area. contemporary advancements just like the book of the Aramaic Enoch fragments from Qumran and curiosity in questions of style within the examine of the apocalypses make this a very acceptable time to adopt this learn. Martha Himmelfarb locations the apocalypses when it comes to either their biblical antecedents and their context within the Greco-Roman international. Her research emphasizes the emergence of the knowledge of heaven as temple within the ebook of the Watchers, the earliest of those apocalypses, and how during which this realizing impacts the depiction of the end result of ascent, the hero's fulfillment of a spot one of the angels, within the ascent apocalypses more often than not. It additionally considers where of secrets and techniques of nature and primeval heritage in those works. ultimately, it deals an interpretation of the pseudepigraphy of the apocalypses and their functionality.

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Extra info for Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses

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In 1 Enoch 12-16 the heavenly temple is the appropriate abode for the deity, but it also serves as a vehicle for criticizing the conduct of affairs in the temple on earth. Ezekiel's critique is directed at a temple already in the past, which Ezekiel saw as having been polluted by idolatry. A 28 Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses temple untainted by idolatry means the dawn of a new era. For Ezekiel, as for the author of 1 Enoch 12-16, a deep concern with the proper conduct of affairs in the temple is not only not in conflict with eschatological hope; it represents the very essence of eschatological hope.

But the account also introduces a number of items to Levi's wardrobe that are more clearly associated with kingship than priesthood, such as the staff of judgment and the diadem (diadema). 32 Only the very end of the second vision has survived in the Aramaic Levi document, but taken together with the passage that follows, it suggests a significant difference between Aramaic Levi and the Testament. "33 The Aramaic goes on to report that after giving Levi tithes, Jacob dressed him in priestly clothes and "filled his hands," that is, consecrated him.

The claims made for Enoch in the Book of the Watchers are powerful indeed. He is a human being who mediates between angels and angels and then between God and angels. He ascends to the heavenly temple, passes through the court to the sanctuary, and looks in to the holy of holies. The God enthroned within speaks to Enoch "with his own mouth" (14:24). For our author the three roles of prophet, priest, and scribe coexisted as ideals, and only by bringing them together could he define the role of the most exalted of men.

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Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses by Martha Himmelfarb


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