Download e-book for kindle: Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite by Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum construction, bauxite has turn into the most very important minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced financial and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the background of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this background represents, from its strategic improvement within the First international warfare to its function within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays by way of students from world wide, this wide-ranging assortment is a heritage of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new standpoint on a time of change.
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Additional info for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
In her study of Guinea, the country possessing the world’s largest reserves of bauxite, she argues that there has been an exceptional lack of transparency with which the Guinean mining sector has been managed domestically and that this has resulted in an overarching emphasis being given to the lack of transparency of internal revenue flows. Campbell demonstrates that this emphasis has tended to mask the opacity of the way that mineral prices have been negotiated and mining contracts have been signed, helping to explain why the potential economic benefits of the bauxite-alumina sector have not been fully captured by the country.
10 In addition, aluminum gained new ground as a substitute for copper, tin, and bronze for a wide variety of uses. Germany, which was poorly supplied with copper and cut off from supplies of the metal during the war, especially pioneered the use of aluminum. 11 As aluminum grew in importance, so did bauxite. Ultimately, control over the mineral was politicized, and securing access to bauxite became a priority for the large powers. The French government took the first step. Immediately after the outbreak of war, France declared bauxite contraband and placed an absolute ban on its exportation in order to stop all exports to Germany and Austria-Hungary.
Gendron 29 Smith, Monopoly to Competition, 308. 30 US Bureau of Mines, Materials Survey, Bauxite (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1953), III-3. 31 Stephen Bunker and Paul Ciccantell, Globalization and the Race for Resources (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 66. 32 Ministere des Colonies, Plan Decennal pour le Developpement Economique et Social du Congo Belge, vol. 1 (Brussels: Les Editions de Visscher, 1949), 37-38. John Orchard, “ECA and the Dependent Territories,” Geographical Review 41, 1 (1951): 66-87; Allister Hinds, Britain’s Sterling Colonial Policy and Decolonization, 1939-1958 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001).
Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry by Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli