Download PDF by Alberto Valdés: Agricultural support policies in transition economies,
By Alberto Valdés
Within the pre-reform interval, agriculture used to be seriously sponsored in such a lot primary and jap ecu nations (CEECs). round 1989, so much CEECs started to open up their markets, liberalize costs, and decrease subsidies. whilst, the extent of aid supplied to agriculture declined vastly. in view that 1996, although, this pattern has been reversed in so much CEECs. to research the rural region in CEECs, this file starts with a synthesis of the multi-country research. It offers estimates of assorted agricultural help signs and an research of the effect of exchange and cost coverage interventions. It additionally asks to what quantity these alterations supplied for a extra across the world aggressive agricultural quarter. the second one a part of the ebook offers person nation reviews, together with Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. Germany and Turkey are integrated for comparability. This document can be of curiosity to agricultural policymakers and different govt officers within the nations concerned, ecu officers, international financial institution and FAO employees, and others drawn to agricultural reform in Europe and relevant Asia.
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Extra info for Agricultural support policies in transition economies, Volumes 23-470
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Such high levels of income transfers are incompatible with both improved market orientation, efficient resource allocation within agriculture, and economy-wide growth. In these countries, fluctuations in the income of the agricultural sector have been largely determined by government policy, primarily through output price support, rather than by the sector's adjustment to market conditions. Page xi Agricultural policy in transition economies remains unfocused and, as a result, fails to contribute to competitiveness in the sector, or to induce an increase in the flow of private investment into the sector.
Credit and other government subsidies are usually not reported on a commodity-specific basis, so we had to decide on a criterion for its allocation to the various activities. Net transfers are presented for the entire agricultural sector for Romania, Poland and Turkey, while for Ukraine and Bulgaria, net transfers cover only the commodities included in the study. Because we were also interested in the difference in the impact of agricultural policies among regions and between state and private-sector farms, an analysis of agricultural support by region and by farm size was made for Poland and Turkey (these are reported in greater detail in the country notes presented in the full study).
Agricultural support policies in transition economies, Volumes 23-470 by Alberto Valdés